ANIMAL HEALTH IN CHINA 2012 (I)
2014-11-14   Author:管理员   Read Times:3381

ANIMAL HEALTH IN CHINA  2012

 

Veterinary Bureau,Ministry of Agriculture,P. R. China

  

Preface

The year of 2012, the second year of the Twelfth Five-Year Plan, saw new development in veterinary administration and services made by all veterinary institutions in accordance with the national guideline of making progress while maintaining stability.

With the central task and broader situation in mind, we were committed to effective animal disease control, which was manifested in new progress in Specific Disease FreeZones, no occurrence of epidemics of regional impact, and prompt stamping-out of outbreaks. We improved supervision and law enforcement on animal health by cracking down on illegal use of “lean meat powder”, tightening veterinary drug quality control and straightening out the veterinary drug market, which helped to make animal products safer and better. We strengthened the supportive role of science and technology by connecting research institutes, colleges and universities with veterinary institutions and livestock companies for commercialization of research findings. We built up the official and licensed veterinarian teams, conducted registration of licensed veterinarians and supervision over their practices according to rules, and officially launched the integrity system for the veterinary sector to improve social veterinary services. We achieved good results in international cooperation and improved the joint prevention and control mechanism with neighboring countries.

While making efforts to promote control of major diseases, animal product quality and safety assurance, as well as team-building and institution development, we took a longer view to develop future plans. In May 2012, the National Medium and Long- Term Plan for Animal Disease Control 2012-2020 was enacted, which was a milestone in the history of animal health work in China, symbolizing that the disease control has come to a plan-based management stage.

Looking back at 2012, we see progress and achievements. Looking into 2013, we see opportunities and challenges. Veterinary institutions and their staff will undertake daunting tasks and overcome difficulties to make even bigger contribution to the animal health in China in a steady, pragmatic and pioneering way.

 

Zhang Zhongqiu

Director General

Veterinary Bureau

Ministry of Agriculture

Chapter 1 Veterinary Institutions and Professionals

The Chinese government is committed to improving the veterinary administration and the implementation of the official and licensed veterinarian system to ensure sustainable animal production, quality and safety of animal products, and public health security. Up to now, a veterinary administration system characterized by well-established institutions, well-developed regulations, clear-cut responsibilities, and highly-efficient operations has taken shape.

1.1 Veterinary agencies and organizations
1.1.1 Veterinary administrative agencies

The Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) is the national authority for animal health. It is in charge of nationwide animal disease control and inspection, disease information release, and stamping-out activities; veterinarian administration and veterinary drug administration and inspection; and administration of official and licensed veterinarians. The position of Chief Veterinary Officer is set in MOA. The Veterinary Bureau of MOA is responsible for veterinary administration across the country. It comprises the Division of General Affairs, the Division of Veterinarian Administration, the Division of Science, Technology and International Cooperation, the Division of Animal Disease Control, the Division of Animal Health Inspection and Supervision, and the Division of Veterinary Drugs and Appliances. See its specific responsibilities at http://www.syj.moa.gov.cn/jieshao/zhineng/.

Veterinary authorities have been set up at each province (autonomous region and municipality), prefecture and county for disease control, inspection, veterinary drug administration and residue control, and other administrative activities within their respective jurisdiction. By the end of 2012, their staff members had totaled 34,000.

1.1.2 Veterinary law enforcement agencies

The local governments at the county-level or above have set up animal health supervision institutions, which are responsible for inspection of animals and animal products, and supervision, administration and law enforcement related to animal disease control. By the end of 2012, the staff members of those institutions at provincial, prefecture and county levels (including branches of the county-level institutions) had numbered around 149,000.

According to the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine and other relevant laws and regulations, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) is responsible for inspection and quarantine of entering and exiting animals and animal products. AQSIQ exercises vertical administration over its entry and exit inspection and quarantine institutions. It has 35 subordinate bureaus in all the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities as well as at the major ports across the country, and nearly 300 branches and over 200 offices at seaports, land ports and airports as well as cargo distribution centers. Their staff members amount to more than 30,000.

1.1.3 Veterinary technical support system

Institutions under this system are mainly responsible for diagnosis, surveillance and epidemiological investigation of animal diseases, quality evaluation and testing of veterinary drugs and biologics, and other veterinary technical services.

1.1.3.1 National support institutions

The national support institutions include three public organizations directly affiliated to MOA, namely China Animal Disease Control Center, China Institute of Veterinary Drug Control and China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center.Based on the technical strengths of relevant institutions, MOA has set up three national veterinary reference laboratories, four national veterinary diagnosis laboratories, four national reference laboratories for veterinary drug residues and eight national veterinary drug safety evaluation laboratories to enhance the technical support for the control of animal diseases and the safety supervision over foods of animal origin. See Chapter 9 for details.

Figure 1-1 Distribution of national veterinary technical support institutions

China Animal Disease Control Center (CADC) is responsible for analysis of and response to outbreaks across the country, prevention and control of major animal diseases, animal identification management, safety and quality testing of livestock and poultry products, guidance on animal health supervision operations, and administration of licensed veterinarians.

China Institute of Veterinary Drug Control (IVDC) / Center for Veterinary Drug Evaluation of MOA (CVDE) is responsible for evaluation of veterinary drugs, supervision and inspection of veterinary drugs and appliances, testing of veterinary drug residues, collection of veterinary cultures, drafting and revising of national standards for veterinary drugs, and preparation and calibration of standard and reference materials of veterinary drugs.

China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center (CAHEC) is responsible for epidemiological investigation, diagnosis and surveillance of major animal diseases, assessment of veterinary health, supervision and inspection of animals and animal products, research on laws, regulations and standards on animal health as well as technologies for prevention and control of exotic animal diseases, and coordination with the branches in Beijing, Harbin, Lanzhou and Shanghai and various veterinary technical institutions at all levels across the country for epidemiological investigation.

MOA has set up 304 national animal disease surveillance and reporting stations, and 146 border animal disease surveillance stations.These stations carry out disease surveillance and monitoring, and epidemiological investigation in designated areas and collect disease information of their surrounding areas.


 

Border stations (146)

Surveillance & reporting stations (304)

Figure 1-2 Distribution of national stations and border stations

1.1.3.2 Local support institutions

All the provinces, prefectures and counties have their own animal disease control institutions, which are responsible for surveillance, testing, diagnosis, epidemiological investigation, outbreak reporting and other technical activities. By the end of 2012, the staff members of those institutions had numbered 37,000.

Veterinary drug inspection institutions are also set up at the three levels to conduct inspection, testing and supervision of veterinary drugs.Currently, there are altogether 32 inspection institutions at the provincial level, which have171 affiliates at the prefecture level and 289 affiliates at the county level.By the end of 2012, the staff members at the provincial level had totaled around 1,000.

1.1.3.3 Disease control institutions at grassroots level

The veterinary authorities of the county-level governments have set up animal husbandry and veterinary stations at each township or area, which are responsible for animal disease control, inspection, and public technical extension services. Currently, 34,616 township-level stations have been established nationwide, with staff members of 155,000.

Figure 1-3 Organizational chart of national veterinary system

1.1.4 Technical committees, associations and societies

A number of technical committees, associations and societies are established to jointly promote animal health in China.

The National Technical Committee of Standardization on Animal Health was established in 1988. Its current name was given in 2004.It works on nationwide standardization on animal health. Its specific responsibilities include developing and revising standards for animal health, animal products, diagnosis, sanitation and management; publicizing and interpreting national and sectoral standards for animal health; and providing relevant technical consultations.

The Commission of Chinese Veterinary Pharmacopoeia (CCVP) was set up in 1986. It is a statutory technical institution that takes charge of formulating and revising national standards for veterinary drugs, with six sectoral committees, its major responsibilities include formulating and revising national standards for veterinary drugs and drafting the Veterinary Pharmacopoeia of the People’s Republic of China; carrying out major research programs on veterinary drug standards; reviewing the draft or revision of the national standards and relevant technical codes; and participating in technical exchange activities of relevant international organizations.

The National Expert Committee on Animal Disease Control was founded in Nov. 2009. It provides decision-making consultations and technical support for animal diseasecontrol. Its specific responsibilities include conducting consultations, research and assessment on animal disease situation within and outside the country and proposing control policies; assessing existing control measures and offering suggestions for adjustment and improvement; and providing consultations over major decision making.

The National Expert Committee on Animal Health Risk Assessment was founded in Nov. 2007. It conducts animal health risk assessment according to laws, and provides decision-making consultations and technical support for animal health risk management. Its specific responsibilities include risk assessment on major, exotic and emerging animal diseases, animal health status, animals and animal products, etc.

The National Expert Committee on Veterinary Drug Residues was established in 1999. It provides technical consultations over monitoring of veterinary drug residues in animals and animal products.Its major responsibilities include drafting, reviewing and revising the national monitoring plans, and evaluating their effects; reviewing the plan for developing and revising national standards for veterinary drug residues, and carrying out major research programs on such standards; reviewing the draft and revision of the national standards, and relevant technical codes for residue monitoring; participating in technical exchange activities of relevant international organizations; and performing the duties related to the Subcommittee on Veterinary Drug Residues of the National Food Safety Standards Review Committee.

The Veterinary Drug Evaluation Committee of MOA was set up in 1991. It originated from the expert review group for new biologics established in 1952.Since 2005, it has been managed as a review expert pool.Its specific responsibilities include evaluating new veterinary drugs, new biologics and veterinary drugs under registration application by foreign companies in accordance with laws, and reevaluating approved veterinary drugs.

The Veterinary Drug GMP Committee of MOA was founded in 2001. It is a statutory technical institution that formulates and revises veterinary drug GMP standards and provides reviewing and consultation services.Its specific responsibilities include reviewing veterinary drug GMP codes, and approval standards and measures, and deliberating on the disputes and appeals arising from the approval process and put forward solutions.

The Chinese Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) was founded in Oct. 2009. It undertakes the following activities: coordinating relations within the sector and with other sectors, supporting law-based practices of veterinarians, strengthening self-discipline of licensed veterinarians, promoting veterinary professional ethics, and regulating practices of licensed veterinarians.

The Chinese Association of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine (CAAV) was founded in 1936. It is a national academic organization composed of the people working in the fields of animal science and veterinary medicine. It conducts domestic and international academic exchanges, and promotes domestic and international cooperation in science and technology; and also provides consultations and technical services for major decision-making concerning the national development strategy and policies for this sector as well as economic development.

China Veterinary Drug Association (CVDA) was founded in 1991. Itspecializes in self-discipline, coordination, service and administration of the veterinary drug sector. It develops rules and regulations for this sector and assists the government to improve administration.

1.2 Capacity building of veterinarians

In 2012, MOA remained committed to the capacity building of veterinarians. It officially launched the process to develop the integrity system for the veterinary sector, continued with the recognition of official veterinarians and the national qualification examination for licensed veterinarian, and worked hard to improve the community veterinarian team.

1.2.1 Official veterinarians

Recognition of official veterinarian qualification was continued. As required by the Circular of MOA on Recognition of Official Veterinarian Qualification of Law Enforcement Personnel of Animal Health Supervision Institutions (Nongyifa [2011] No.25), MOA accelerated the development of the official veterinarian team and the implementation of the official veterinarian system. By the end of 2012, altogether 101,369 people had been recognized as official veterinarians throughout China.

Training for official veterinarians moved forward. As the implementation of the National Plan for Official Veterinarian Training 2010-2014 (Nongyifa [2020] No.17) continued, a rotational training system was established for official veterinarian trainers. In 2012, the first national capacity building training course for official veterinarian trainers was organized for 4,548 people that had taken targeted training. Provincial authorities hosted 5,414 official veterinarian training courses for 31,746 trainees.

1.2.2 Licensed veterinarians

In 2012, MOA amended the Administrative Regulations on the Inspection of Licensed Veterinarian Qualification Examination in the light of the Administrative Measures on Licensed Veterinarians and the Interim Administrative Measures for Licensed Veterinarian Qualification Examination, in order to improve the supervision mechanism for this examination. The third national examination was held on October 14, 2012, with 1,407 examination rooms at 52 venues. Altogether 48,858 people registered for the examination and 35,430 actually took it. Finally, 12,029 people passed the examination, including 7,174 qualified as licensed veterinarians and 4,855 as licensed assistant veterinarians. By the end of 2012, altogether 25,735 licensed veterinarians and 27,108 licensed assistant veterinarians had been registered in China.

1.2.3 Community veterinarians

In recent years, with a view to improving the performance of community veterinarians, MOA has been making great efforts in their capacity building by organizing intensive training and offering allowance.

Training for community veterinarians was intensified. In 2012, MOA supervised the compilation of training materials for rural veterinarians and village-level animal health workers and organized two sessions of training for the trainers of rural veterinarians. A total of 7,254 community veterinarians were trained under the Sunshine Project and other training programs.

Registration of rural veterinarians continued. Comprehensive progress was made in the registration of rural veterinarians as required by the Administrative Measures on Rural Veterinarians. Registration conditions were stringently examined, registration procedures streamlined, business scope defined, and rural veterinarian administration files established. Applications were reviewed by local authorities before submitted to higher levels for registration. Registration information was compiled and reported to higher authorities. Applications were approved and certificates issued in a swift manner. By the end of 2012, a total of 290,000 rural veterinarians had been registered in China.

Allowance for community animal health workers was delivered. In 2012, another 780 million yuan was granted by the central government for animal health service at the community level. An allowance of 1,200 yuan per year was therefore given to each village-level animal health worker.

1.2.4 Integrity system

MOA and local veterinary authorities explored the ways of establishing integrity files for licensed veterinarians and veterinary drug producers, a cause advocated by the government and implemented by the association with businesses exercising self-discipline. The files will include information about their administrative approval, daily supervision, irregularity, public scrutiny, etc, to reinforce the awareness of integrity and law abidance among licensed veterinarians and businesses. MOA took a number of actions in a progressive manner. It led a fact-finding survey of animal clinics, tightened the administrative approval process of such clinics, strengthened daily supervision to ensure law abidance at the animal medical treatment market and introduced an access system for veterinary practitioners. It also organized the development of an information system for the management of veterinarians, of which the integrity system is an important component. Integrity information of veterinarians was uploaded to the system in a timely manner for administrative supervision and public scrutiny. A national fundamental information query system for veterinary drugs was launched to provide data for the integrity system. The query system includes multifaceted information, such as veterinary drug producers’ GMP certificates, production license and product approval number, approval status of (imported) biologics and results of veterinary drug spot checks.

The Chinese Veterinary Medicinal Association (CVMA) and China Veterinary Drug Association (CVDA) made great efforts in the development of self-discipline codes for the sector based on relevant laws, regulations and their Articles of Association. CVMA worked out a number of self-discipline documents to promote proper practices among licensed veterinarians, including the Code of Professional Ethics for Licensed Veterinarians and the Code of Integrity for Licensed Veterinarians. It also created an outreach platform of laws and regulations concerning licensed veterinarians. A column on the integrity system was opened to publicize the development of this system in the veterinary sector. The Association released the Letter of Initiative on Integrity and Law Abidance of Licensed Veterinarians and had nearly a thousand veterinarians sign the Letter of Commitment on Honest Practice of Licensed Veterinarians. It established a grading and classifying system to manage animal clinics and identified integrity model businesses. It selected ten veterinarians recommended by local authorities and honored them with the “Touching China” Award to set integrity role models. CVDA started a column dedicated to the “Year of Integrity and Self-discipline of the Chinese Veterinary Drug Industry” on its website to increase publicity. It had leaders of the top 50 businesses in the veterinary drug industry sign the letter of commitment on integrity and self-discipline on behalf of their businesses. Nearly 200 businesses signed the Letter of Commitment on Integrity and Self-discipline of Chinese Veterinary Drug Businesses, in which they promised to ensure all drugs produced and sold are up to standard.


     

Chapter 2 Veterinary Laws and Regulations

The Chinese government is committed to the development of veterinary laws and regulations. A veterinary legal system has taken shape, comprising of national laws, such as the Law of the PRC on Animal Disease Control, the Law of the PRC on Animal production,the Law of the PRC on Agricultural Product Quality and Safety and the Law of the PRC on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine, as well as administrative regulations, such as the Regulations on Administration of Veterinary Drugs and the Regulations on Biosafety Management of Pathogenic Microbe Laboratories, which are supplemented by sectoral and local regulations (see table 2-1).

Table 2-1 Veterinary laws and regulations

Category

Name

Effective date

Contents

Laws and regulations

Laws

Law of the People's Republic of China on Animal Disease Control

1/1/2008

Specific provisions on animal disease prevention; outbreak reporting, notification and announcement; outbreak control and stamping out; animal and animal product inspection; diagnosis and treatment; and animal disease control supervision and administration.

Law of the People's Republic of China on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine

4/1/1992

Specific provisions on the approval procedures for inspection and inspection measures for entry, exit, transit, transport means, and materials carried by passengers or by post.

Law of the People’s Republic of China on Animal Production

7/1/2006

Specific provisions on animal genetic resource conservation, breeding stock selection, production and dealing, animal farming, animal trading and movement and animal product quality and safety.

Law of the People’s Republic of China on Agricultural Product Quality and Safety

11/1/2006

Specific provisions on quality and safety standards, origin, farming, packaging and labeling of agricultural products and the supervision system.

State Council regulations

Regulations on Emergency Response to Major Animal Diseases

11/18/2005

Detailed provisions on emergency response principles, preparedness, surveillance, reporting, announcing, response and legal liability concerning major animal disease outbreaks.

Regulations on Biosafety Management of Pathogenic Microbe Laboratories

11/5/2004

Specific provisions on the classification and management of pathogenic microbes, establishment and management of laboratories, laboratory infection control, supervision and administration.

Regulations on Administration of Veterinary Drugs

11/1/2004

Specific provisions on veterinary drug producers, control over medicines in veterinary medical institutions, approval of new veterinary drugs, administration of imported and exported veterinary drugs, and supervision, trademark and advertisement of veterinary drugs.

Regulations on Implementation of the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine

1/1/1997

Specific provisions on the approval procedures for inspection and inspection measures for entry, exit, transit, materials carried by passengers or by post and transport means.

Sectoral regulations

Disease  surveillance and reporting

Administrative Measures for Animal Disease Reporting

10/19/1999

Specific provisions on responsible parties, system, methods, contents and time limits for reporting.

List of Category A, B and C Animal Diseases

12/11/2008

List of 17 animal diseases included in category A, 77 in B and 63 in C.

List of Zoonoses

1/19/2009

List of 26 notifiable zoonoses, including BSE, HPAI, rabies, anthrax and brucellosis.

Rules on Management of the National Animal Disease Surveillance and Reporting System (Trial)

6/10/2002

Specific provisions on the composition and responsibilities of the national surveillance and reporting system,  targeted animals and diseases, surveillance methods, reporting of results and the administration of surveillance and reporting centers at all levels.

Emergency  response

National Contingency Plan for Outbreaks of Major Animal Diseases

2/27/2006

Provisions on the rating of outbreaks of major animal diseases and the composition and responsibilities of the response management system, as well as the monitoring, early warning, reporting, response, termination, rehabilitation and emergency handling safeguards.

National Contingency Plan for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

2/3/2004

Provisions on reporting, confirmation and rating of HPAI outbreaks, as well as the response system, control measures and safeguard measures.

Contingency Plan for Entry and Exit Major Animal Diseases

6/30/2005

Provisions on the emergency response to major animal disease outbreaks in China and abroad and (suspected) outbreaks detected in entry and exit inspection.

Contingency Plan for Prevention and Control of Foot and Mouth Disease

3/27/2010

Provisions on the emergency management mechanism for FMD outbreaks including its prevention, preparedness, surveillance, early warning, emergency response and rehabilitation.

Contingency Plan for Prevention and Control of PPR

6/6/2010

Provisions on surveillance, reporting, confirmation, rating, response, and safeguard measures for PPR outbreaks.

Contingency Plan for Prevention and Control of Equine Influenza

4/15/2008

Provisions on surveillance, reporting, confirmation, rating, response, and safeguard measures for equine influenza outbreaks..

Contingency Plan of Agricultural Authorities for Human Cases of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

11/15/2005

Provisions on early warning, surveillance, and emergency response for outbreaks of HPAI human cases.

Veterinary  laboratory   biosafety management

List of Different Categories of Animal Pathogenic Microbes

5/24/2005

List of the four categories of animal pathogenic microbes, including 10 for category A and 8 for category B.

Administrative Measures for Storage of Bacterial/Viral Strains of Animal Pathogenic Microbes

1/1/2009

Provisions on the collection, preservation, supply, destroying and exchange of bacterial/viral strains of animal pathogenic microbes and samples, as well as their preserving institutions.

Measures for Examination and Approval of Biosafety Management of Highly Pathogenic Animal Pathogenic Microbe Laboratories

5/20/2005

Provisions on the certification of HP animal pathogenic microbe laboratories and the approval of tests and transport.

Inspection & supervision

Administrative Measures for Animal Health Inspection

3/1/2010

Provisions on inspection application and inspection at production place and slaughterhouse for animals and animal products (including aquatic seed stock and dairy and breeding animals), and supervision over inspection.

Measures for Examination of Animal Disease Prevention Conditions

5/1/2010

Provisions on animal disease prevention conditions at animal farms, quarantine premises, abattoirs, processing plants, biosafety disposal premises for animals and animal products, and markets, as well as the examination, certification and inspection systems.

Measures for Management of Animal Identification and Animal Farming Records

7/1/2006

Provisions on the management of animal identification, farming records and relevant information, and the supervision system.

Administrative Measures for Highway Animal Health Inspection Stations

8/28/2006

Provisions on the setup of highway animal health inspection stations and their supervision system.

Administrative Measures for Reporting of Animal Health Inspection Information (Provisional)

1/8/2007

Provisions on the collection and reporting of information on animal health inspection and law enforcement.

Zoning Administration

Administrative Measures for Assessment of Specific Animal Disease Free Zones

3/1/2007

Provisions on the application, assessment and approval of DFZs.

Technical Guidelines for the Management of Specific Animal Disease Free Zones

1/25/2007

Requirements for building procedures, standards, foundation, system, prevention, surveillance, inspection, supervision, emergency response and rehabilitation of DFZs.

Form for On-site Evaluation of Specific Animal Disease Free Zones

12/9/2008

96 items for evaluation of DFZs.

Technical Guidelines for HPAI Surveillance in Specific Animal Disease Free Zones

12/1/2011

Basic requirements, methods, and result handling of HPAI surveillance in DFZ; and surveillance requirements for proving and resuming HPAI free status.

Technical Guidelines for Foot-and-Mouth Disease Surveillance in Specific Animal Disease Free Zones

12/1/2011

Basic requirements, methods, and result handling of FMD surveillance in DFZ; and surveillance requirements for proving and resuming FMD free status.

16 technical guidelines for disease free zones, including that for equine influenza

2/23/2009

Requirements for DFZs of 16 diseases, including equine influenza.

General Guidelines on the Building of Specific Animal Disease Free Compartments for Meat Poultry (Trial)

6/22/2009

General requirements and those relating to biosafety management system and supervision of veterinary authority for compartments for meat poultry.

Standards for Specific Animal Disease Free Compartments for Meat Poultry (Trial)

6/22/2009

Standards for AI-free compartments; provisions on the withdrawal and resumption of disease free status and qualification of compartments.

Form for On-site Evaluation of Specific Animal Disease Free Compartments for Meat Poultry

6/7/2010

87 items for the evaluation of compartments.

Veterinary drug administration

Administrative Measures for Veterinary Bio-products

5/1/2007

Provisions on the distribution, dealing and supervision of veterinary bio-products.

Measures for Registration of Veterinary Drugs

1/1/2005

Provisions on the registration of new drugs, change of registration, registration and renewed registration of imported drugs, quality retrial of drugs and management of reference materials.

Administrative Measures for Veterinary Drug Approval Document Numbers

1/1/2005

Provisions on application, authorization, supervision and management of veterinary drug approval document numbers.

Rules on Management of Veterinary Drug Production and Quality

6/ 19/ 2002

Provisions on basic principles for management of veterinary drug production and quality, production process of veterinary drugs and key procedures in API production that affect final product quality.

Administrative Measures for Imported Veterinary Drugs

1/1/2008

Provisions on application, operation and supervision of imported veterinary drugs.

Administrative Measures for Development of New Veterinary Drugs

11/1/2005

Provisions on preclinical studies, clinical trials, and supervision of new veterinary drugs.

Inspection and Acceptance Measures for Quality Control Standards in Production of Veterinary Drugs

9/1/2010

Provisions on application, examination, on-site inspection, approval, and license-issuing for veterinary drug production and management of examiners.

Norms for the Business Operation and Quality Control of Veterinary Drugs

3/1/2010

Provisions on places, facilities, institutions, personnel, regulations, purchasing, warehouse entries, display, storage, marketing, transport, and after-sales service for veterinary drug operations.

Administrative Measures for Labels and Instructions of Veterinary Drugs

7/1/2004

Provisions on basic requirements and management of labels and instructions of veterinary drugs.

Regulations on Sampling for Quality Supervision of Veterinary Drugs

12/10/2001

Provisions on institutions, personnel, sampling size, principles, requirements, and precautions.

Veterinarian administration

Administrative Measures on Licensed Veterinarians

1/1/2009

Provisions on Licensed veterinarian qualification examination, license registration, and administration of practices of licensed veterinarians.

Administrative Measures on Rural Veterinarians

1/1/2009

Provisions on registration of rural veterinarians and their clinical services.

Administrative Measures for Animal Clinics

1/1/2009

Provisions on qualifications of animal clinics and administration of clinical services.

Interim Administrative Measures for Licensed Veterinarian Qualification Examination

3/1/2009

Provisions on organization, examiners, application, exam content, release of exam results, and handling of violation of regulations.

Inspection protocols      and      technical guidelines

Inspection Protocol for Pigs at Production Place ; Inspection Protocol for Ruminants at Production Place; Inspection Protocol for Poultry at Production Place; Inspection Protocol for Equine Animals at Production Place

4/20/2010

Provisions on targeted diseases, standards, procedure, handling of results, and documentation for inspection of pigs, ruminants, poultry, and equine animals at production place.

Inspection Protocol for Canine at Production Place; Inspection Protocol for Feline at Production Place; Inspection Protocol for Rabbits at Production Place

10/19/2011

Provisions on targeted diseases, standards, procedure, handling of results, documentation, and protective measures for inspection of canine, feline and rabbits at production place.

Inspection Protocol for Fish at Production Place (Trial); Inspection Protocol for Crustacean at Production Place (Trial); Inspection Protocol for Shellfish at Production Place (Trial)

3/17/2011

Provisions on targeted diseases, scope, standards, procedure, handling of results, and documentation for inspection of fish, crustacean and shellfish at production place.

Inspection Protocol for Pigs at Slaughterhouse; Inspection Protocol for Poultry at Slaughterhouse; Inspection Protocol for Cattle at Slaughterhouse; Inspection Protocol for Sheep/Goats at Slaughterhouse

5/31/2010

Provisions on operating procedure for pigs, poultry, cattle, and sheep/goats at slaughterhouse, including supervision, inspection application, ante-mortem examination, synchronous inspection, handling of results, and documentation.

Bee Inspection Protocol

10/13/2010

Provisions on targeted diseases, standards, procedure, handling of results, and documentation for inspection of bees.

Technical Guidelines for Prevention and Control of 14 Animal Diseases, including the Technical Guideline for HPAI Prevention and Control

4/9/2007

Provisions on operating procedure, technical standards, and safeguard measures for diagnostic confirmation, response, surveillance, vaccination, inspection and supervision of 14 animal diseases including HPAI, FMD, EIA, glanders, brucellosis, TB, pseudorabies, CSF, ND, IBD, MD, sheep pox, anthrax, and ALV—J.

Technical Guideline for HP-PRRS Prevention and Control

3/28/2007

Provisions on operating procedure and technical standards for diagnosis, reporting, response, prevention and control, inspection, and supervision of HP-PRRS.

Technical Guideline for Rabies Prevention and Control

10/30/2006

Provisions on diagnosis, surveillance, reporting, response, prevention and control of rabies.

Administration     of entry & exit  animals and    animal products

List A and List B Contagious and Parasitic Diseases for the Animals Imported from Other Countries into the People’s Republic of China

6/8/1992

Provisions on List A and List B contagious and parasitic diseases for entry inspection.

Administrative Provisions on Risk Analysis of Entry Animals and Animal Products

2/1/2003

Provisions on management of overall risk analysis process of entry animals and animal products including confirmation of risk factors, risk assessment, risk management, and risk communication.

Administrative Measures for Sampling of Entry & Exit Animals and Animal Products for Inspection

6/27/1992

Provisions on sampling size, requirements, and standards for inspection of entry and exit animals and animal products.

Administrative Measures for Inspection, Supervision and Quarantine of Entry & Exit Meat Products

1/4/2011

Provisions on inspection and supervision of entry, exit, and transit meat products.

Administrative Measures for Approval of Inspection of Entry (Transit) Animals and Animal Products

7/30/2008

Provisions on application and approval of inspection of entry and transit animals and animal products.

Administrative Measures for Inspection, supervision and Quarantine of Entry & Exit Aquatic Products

1/4/2011

Provisions on inspection and supervision of entry and exit aquatic products.

Administrative Measures for Interim Isolated Quarantine Premises of Entry & Exit Animals

11/27/1996

Provisions on conditions of interim isolated quarantine premises for entry & exit animals and quarantine permit of such premises.

 

Article source: MOA